What is environmental impunity?

The impossibility of investigating, prosecuting, punishing and repairing crimes and damages against the environment, whether a consequence of both the lack of institutional capacities and the political will of the authorities;

The absence of application or fulfillment of environmental and climate policy objectives, due to the lack of institutional capacities or political will, as they affect the possibility of effectively protecting the environment and guaranteeing full enjoyment of the human right to a healthy environment, and;

The lack of long-term or inter-generational public policy strategies and programs that reduce the risk of suffering harm or enjoying access to natural resources that the most vulnerable populations, future generations, and even other species may suffer.

Effectively protecting the environment and guaranteeing the enjoyment of a healthy environment requires the definition of policies and coordinated multilevel action between the three levels of government.

How it’s calculated

Four dimensions to measure impunity:

  1. Institutional Capacity
  2. Environmental Crime
  3. Environmental Degradation
  4. Inter-generational Strategy

In order to avoid some dimensions having more statistical weight in the results due to a greater number of variables, each dimension has an identical weight of 25% in the total estimate of the index. The maximum possible value of the index is 4, which would correspond to 100%, and each dimension obtains a value equivalent to 1.

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